Basic sentence structure simply means the basic order of the words in a sentence.

You may have heard about the "dreaded German sentence structure," but itís really not all that bad. Look at this sentence:

Ich

liebe

dich!

S

V

 

In German, if you start with the subject, ich, you follow it with the verb, liebe. That means subject before verb. Now look at this:

In Frankreich

spricht

man

Französisch.

( In France you speak French.)

V

S

 

This sentence starts with something other than the subject - In Frankreich . . .. If the subject is not at the beginning of the sentence, then the subject, man, goes after the verb, spricht.

Here are some more examples of basic German sentence structure:

Ich

habe

ein Haus.

subject first = subject before verb

S

V

   

Jetzt

verstehen

Sie!

subject doesnít come first = subject after verb

V

S

 

Na,

verstehen

Sie

jetzt?

subject doesnít come first = subject after verb

V

S

   

Aber jetzt

verstehen

Sie

, nicht?

subject doesnít come first = subject after verb

V

S